Vihara Mahacetya Dhanagun

30-01-2012 Bogor City 78473 viewed



Monastery buildings are in the middle or central point precisely in the city of Bogor Bogor Market, easily reached by public transport or private vehicle wheel 2 or 4 wheeled vehicles from the city center. The boundaries of the monastery, on the east and south lies the supermarket Bogor Plaza building, west of Golden Road and Surya Iskandardinata Otto Road and north of the Bogor Botanical Gardens.
Mahacetya Dhanagun Vihara also known by the name of Hok Tek Bio is located in Golden Solar Road # 1, Village Market Babakan. East Bogor sub-district. Located at coordinates 106 ° 47 '994 "longitude and 06 ° 36'31" LS with a height of 510 meters above sea level. Places of worship or place of worship for traditional Chinese society in terms of the original Indonesia called Pagoda. This term is associated with the sound of temple or pagoda-klenting-klenting derived from a small chime. In accordance with sound then this place called the pagoda. Even this term is only known in Indonesia, while in other places in China was not even known. The term is now pagoda or monastery now known as Hok Tek Bio. Hok Tek Bio name comes from the word Hok which means fortune, virtue means so Hok Tek Tek Bio means houses of worship and good fortune
At first the Chinese community in doing not worship in temples but in the open, except for the ancestral temple. This is because the ancestors of their lives in the home environment, so that his cult was carried out at home. Then, almost 5000 years ago from the imperial dynasty Yellow Flower build a temple for Lord Mount and the River God. Since then many temples established to Thian, ancestors, the sacred and the various spirits. Referred for Thian Shiau temple and shrine to the ancestors and holy figures called Bio.
Today the monastery Dhanagun included in the Assembly Budhayana Indonesia, so it seemed only refers to the place of worship for Buddhists. Budhayana means a vehicle or often called Ekayana Buddha, which means a single vehicle. According to the Buddhist community, both Mahayana, Hinayana and Tantric is part of a loop is intact (Buddha Dharma). Budhayana believe in God's people as Sang Hyang Adi Buddha.
Although currently Hok Tek Bio is a monastery, but in it still allowed the practices of trust in Chinese society, such as Confucianism, and Taoism. Konfusionisme has dominated every aspect of thinking and forming a Chinese family life. Taoism is based on the teachings of Lao Tze invites people back to nature to blend with the Tao in order to achieve lasting happiness. While the teachings of Buddhism from India to bring to a formal religion like a priest, pantheon, pantheon, heaven and hell. Development of Buddhism and Chinese people's confidence in the temple causing the room there is respect for the gods / holy figures Buddhist, Confucian, and Daoist.
In Indonesia the difference between types of pagoda with one another does not appear. Temple-pagoda in Indonesia has lost her trademark so that there is only a place of worship for the three main streams namely Konfusionisme, Taoism, and Buddhism. Temple / monastery in Bogor had been lost because of his trademark in the Hok Tek Bio temple or monastery there Dhanagun dewa-dewa/tokoh holy Buddhist, Taoist and Confucian. The main deity worshiped in this temple, Hok Tek Ching Sien (God of Earth), but also placed pantheon of Maitreya Buddhism, Gautama Buddha and Avalokiteswara. In addition there is the cult of the Golden Grandmother Raden Surya ancestral ruler of Bogor
Monastery was founded around the year 1672 AD, based on the lunar calendar system according to the calculation of Tien Gan In CZE branch twig sky earth called Jen CZE year (the year the water rat) that the calculation means 325 years ago from now (in 2007). Moderate if the transfer is based on the events of the Chinese in Batavia to areas that are considered safe due to the revolt of the Chinese in Batavia in 1740 AD, the temple was built at an estimated early 18th century AD
Previously monastery building measuring 80 m, then expanded to reach its present form with an area of ​​635.50 m2, and the total area of ​​1241.25 m². The building consists of several sections of the page, the main building, and additional buildings. Building the temple exactly in the roof ridge decorated two dragons facing each other, each facing the cu (gems) in the middle of the ridge. At both ends of the ridge there is a fish-shaped ornament and tendrils with lotus motifs. Found remains of buildings gazebo (paseban) who now lives foundations with few stairs, two buildings burning paper, and a pair of lion statues made of stone.
The main building is divided into 3 parts: porch, living room, and the main sacred space. The middle room is a place to put the building for Thian altar, in front of it there is a wooden table to put hialo. In the middle of this room there is open space or impluvium measuring 21 m2 with a lower floor 10 cm from the floor around him. There is also a point of sale equipment such as hialo ceremony, candles, and others. The main sacred space located higher than the living room and has 3 wooden altar with statues on it. In front of each altar there is a wooden table with hialo, chandeliers, and offerings. At the rear of the main building there are buildings that serve as clergy dining room, kitchen and toilet.
Monastery as a building of worship for the descendants of Chinese society, with the typical architectural style of mix (the culture of China, Indonesia, the Netherlands). may be an attraction for the study of religious buildings of colonial architecture and special history of the attraction for the people of China.


Location: Jalan Surya Kencana No.1, Village Market Babakan, Bogor District East
Coordinates: 06 ° 36'31 "S, 106 ° 47 '994" E
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