Graveyard Mountain Sembung

31-01-2012 Cirebon Regencies 83097 viewed


Tomb complex located in the Hamlet of Mount Sembung Astana, Astana Village, District of North Cirebon. Tomb complex located west highway linking Cirebon and Indramayu. Distance from city center Cirebon about 5 km. In the north there is a tomb complex flow Lean Times and the south flowing Kali yell. Geographically located on the undulating plain on the north coast of Java. This location is in the position coordinates 06 º 40 '33.2 "latitude and 108 º 32' 43.2" longitude.
The main character who is buried in the tomb complex is Sunan Gunung Sembung Gunungjati. In addition there are also the tombs of Sultan Cirebon and other relatives. To enter this complex from the highway passing lane as far as about 500 m.
Mount Sembung tomb complex was built in 1400 Saka marked with moon sengkala "Sirna Tanana Single Color". In front of the tomb complex contained the square. In the middle of the square there is a banyan tree. The west side munggur planted trees, while on the north side there kecik sapodilla tree and cape. In the courtyard of this square there are two buildings namely the Mande Mangu or Mande tepasan located on the west side and Ringgit Hall located in the east. Building Mande Mangu made in the year 1402 Saka candrasengkala marked with "Lions Make Curried Anake". According to tradition the building was a gift from the Queen of Broken Lives Raden Demak child who is married to Prince Bratakelana Sunan Gunung Jati child. Prince Bratakela died at sea while on voyage from Demak to Cirebon.
The main gate to enter the tomb complex there are two arch-shaped temple briefly. Two gates is called gate and gate Wetan Kulon. Gate is used for general who was in the east (gate Wetan). Entering the first page on the right side there is the Well of Teak. On the left of the gate lined up three buildings namely Mande Danalaya Dome, located in the eastern part, in the middle of the living museum is a repository of objects owned by Sunan Gunung Jati. Such items are gifts from foreign countries including 10 jars from China during the Ming Dynasty. To the south Kong Museum is building Mande Trusmi Dome.
Entering the second gate on the right there is a miraculous wudlu padasan to fetch water for the pilgrims. On the left there is the Soka Hall building whose function is to a resting place for guests who would pilgrimage. To the south of this building there is Siti Hinggil. Further south there is a building Siti Hinggil Mande or Mande Pajajaran Jajar Budi, which was made in 1401 Saka (1479 AD) is characterized by candrasengkala "Boya Hawarna Sole Sole". This building was a gift from King to Prince Cakrabuana Siliwangi or Walasungsang. Mande Pajajaran berdenah square with a size 9, 80 x 9.80 m. Building height 6.80 m and has a pole 8 pieces. At the top of the pole, between the beam and pull the pole, there is a decorative flower ornament with square pattern. At the end of the upper and lower pole plant motifs decorated carvings.
Entering through the Gate Weregu third page, then through the corridor to the ward Pekemitan. The ward is divided into two sections to the east called Paseban rebellion and that the west is called Paseban jacks. This ward is where the managers receive the pilgrims tomb complex. The pilgrims then have to turn left down the hallway to get to a specific page for the pilgrims. In the vicinity there are many pilgrims page graves of relatives of the imperial both Sultan and Kanoman Kasepuhan. On this page there are also many decorative paste porcelain dishes and some porcelain jar. Mostly come from China. The pilgrims perform the pilgrimage procession just got here. For the pilgrimage to the tomb of Sunan Gunung Jati enough to be represented in Lawang Pesujudan located in the north of the page.
To the east of this page there is a building called the King Sulaeman Gedong. This building was built by Sultan Sepuh to-9. Building walls are decorated porcelain plate patch from Europe and China. In the west there are buildings pilgrims page called Pelayonan or Mande Layon. In the west part of this special tomb complex contained a fenced wood. One of the tombs in this page is the tomb of Nio Ong Tin or also called by the name Nyai Rara Sumanding.
To the south there is a gate called Lawang Krapyak. In the north there is a gate to the next page called Lawang Pesujudan or Siblangbong. Lawang Krapyak and Lawang Pesujudan are two of the nine gates that are on one straight line from south to north until he came to the tomb of Sunan Gunung Jati at the top of the mountain.
The nine gates are 1) Arch Kulon, 2) Krapyak Lawang, 3) or Siblangbong Pesujudan Lawang, 4) Ratnakomala Lawang, 5) Lawang Jinem, 6) Rararoga Lawang, 7) Lawang Glass, 8) bacem Lawang, and 9) Lotus mace. Kulon gate, just opened at the time Syawalan and it is only used for the family of the Sultan. Krapyak Lawang is opened every Friday night after the show tahlil Wage. Likewise Lawang Pesujudan opened only on Friday evenings after tahlil Kliwon, but only pilgrims who got permission from the Sultan, who may enter the next page.
Officers who take care of in the same tomb complex organizational systems. All activities under User Name Ki coordinator. He coordinates the 120 staff. Ki User Name 4 people assisted senior assistant called jacks or jacks Sepuh old and 8 junior assistant called jacks Anom. Furthermore, there are 108 executive assistant called Wong rebellion. The officer is a descendant of a duke Keling Sultan maid who works as a seaman. Tomb complex organizational structure implies that Sepuh jacks and jacks Anom is a symbol and Kanoman Kasepuhan Palace. Wong rebellion which amounts to 108 following the organizational system in cruise.
Every two weeks a change of officers. In one group, Ki User Name elderly assisted 2 people and 2 jacks jacks anom. In Paseban rebellion rebellion there were 12 people on duty full time for 2 weeks. 12 rebellion which only served a week because the numbers there are 108 people who performed in rotation. Both the User Name, Old jacks, jacks Anom, and rebellion, and in addition have a duty to take care of the prince's grave also can help when specific tasks at the behest of the Sultan's palace and Kanoman Kasepuhan. In carrying out their duties wearing traditional dress that is wearing iket, white shirt and tapih shucks.
Regarding the figures Sunan Gunung Jati already much talked about in history books. Sunan Gunung Jati is one of nine well-known propagator of Islam in Java, known as the Wali Sanga. His life in addition as a spiritual leader, Sufi, preachers and preachers of his day, as well as the leader of the people because he is the king (Sultan) in the Sultanate which was originally named Pakungwati Cirebon.
Sunan Gunung Jati has the original name of the son of Maulana Ishaq Sharif Sharif Hidayatullah Abdillah Ismailiah a ruler of the city, Saudi Arabia. Sunan Gunung Jati not Fatahilah or Faletehan clerics of Aceh, as often discussed in history books Wali Sanga. Sunan Gunung Jati is Sharif Hidayatullah. It can be proved that in addition to the tomb of Sunan Gunung Jati Sharif Hidayatullah Tubagus Pasai Fathullah there is the tomb which is a Faletehan. Sunan Gunung Jati Sharif Hidayatullah a contemporary of Prince Sultan Broken Demak first, while Fatahilah come from Aceh in the reign of Sultan Trenggono, Sulan third after Dipati Measure.
Sunan Gunung Jati is the son of Queen Nyi Rarasantang or Syarifah Muda'im by Maulana Ishaq Sharif Abdillah Isma'ilism ruler of the city. Maulana Ishaq Sharif Abdillah blessed with two sons, namely Sharif Hidayatullah better known as Sunan Gunung Jati and Sharif Nurullah. Both his father was ordered to gain knowledge like theology, social sciences, and science scholars tasauf of Baghdad. At Sharif Hidayatullah was 20 years old his father died and he was appointed to replace the ruling Isma'ilism City. Sharif Hidayatullah not willing because it was determined to carry out her hopes became preachers in Caruban. Isma'ilism municipalities delegated to his brother Sharif Nurullah.
After removal of Sharif Nurullah as ruler of the City Isma'ilism the mother Syarifah Muda'im and Sharif Hidayatullah to return to the land of Java and in some places and a new stop in 1475 until the Caruban. Sharif Hidayatullah want to be close to where the tomb of Sheikh Dzatul Kahf teacher. He requested permission to Prince Cakrabuana and in allowing to live with her son in Mount Gardening Sembung while teaching the religion of Islam as a successor to the Islamic paguron Gunung Jati. Prince Cakrabuana later married his daughter Nyi Pakungwati Queen with Prince Sharif Hidayatullah, and in 1479 Prince Cakrabuana hand power over to the law of the land Caruban Sharif Hidayatullah to Sunan Gunung Jati title. With dinobatkannya Sharif Hidayatullah as supreme leader Caruban Nagari at the Palace, or Kraton Pakungwati Caruban name adds to the size and the rapid spread of Islam
Next steps to spread Islam around Cirebon, like Talaga and Rajagaluh. And he returned again to Mount Sembung to organize Islamic religion in Pasambangan, which became a teacher of Islamic religion in paguron Pasambangan. In 1568 citizens of the imperial mourns the death of Sharif Cirebon Hidayahtullah (Sunan Gunung Jati). When Sunan Gunung Jati died aged 120 years. Together mother and Prince Syarifah Muda'im Cakrabuana, he was interred in Mount Sembung Gardening.

Location: Village Astana, North Cirebon district
Coordinates: 06 º 40 '33.2 "S, 108 º 32' 43.2" E
Directions: West of Cirebon-Indramayu highway, 5 km outside the city of Cirebon
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