Tomb of Sunan Gunung Djati

31-01-2012 Cirebon Regencies 78476 viewed


Gunung Jati Astana grave complex in the village of Astana, District of North Cirebon on the motorway Cirebon - Indramayu of Cirebon city is about 5 km, precisely at the coordinates 06 º 40 '256 "South latitude and 108 º 33' 563" East Longitude. The total area of ​​the tomb complex is ± 36 350 ha of land consisting of 23.010 ha and 13.340 ha of village courts. Tomb complex boundaries in the north is the village of Kalisapu, east of the rice field, village Jatimerta south, and west of the highway. Environment at the tomb complex is a teak forest called Alas Konda. Geomorphology of the area of ​​undulating plain.
Gunung Jati Astana grave complex is the tomb complex with a main character who is buried was Sheikh Datu Kahf. To reach the tomb of Sheikh Datu Cave can be reached by road from the stucco terraces northwest and southeast corners. From the main gate located in the northwest, the road winding staircase to the left slightly and then slightly uphill road which branches are straight and turn right. Horizontal straight path toward the cupola tomb of Sheikh Datu Kahf. Before entering the cupola through the gates of the temple gate briefly. After melawati gate next moment the way to the cupola is a walled cemetery. Cupola tomb berdenah rectangular facing west.
The road turned right slightly uphill staircase-steps leading to the top of Mount Teak. At the top of the mountain there is a page called the navel of the earth or the navel Gunung Jati. Navel of the earth is marked with a hole lined with piles of stones. Holes and piles of stones that may be remnants of volcanic activity. Through this place to the east will be seen the open sea so that ships can be seen clearly. On the cliffs on the east side of the navel of the earth there is a cave called Goa Garba Faith.
Purwaka Caruban Nagari script mentions that in the past in this place set fire tower (lighthouse). This place is called Estuary Teak which many ships visited. Chances are this is an area where the initial port of Cirebon headed by a Saviour Labuan. Datu also told that Sheikh had meditated in caves Cave Garba Faith. Hence he is called by the name of Datu Kahf. Kahf is the Arabic language support, which means cave. In this place also Sheikh Datu Kahf gather students and teach the religion of Islam.
On the history of Datu Kahf Sheikh told that at the beginning of the 15th century Islam had developed in Java. In West Java as Mount Teak is a territory under the rule of Pajajaran. Because of its location on the shores of Muara Port Teak, many foreign traders who come to it. Traders, among others came from Chinese, Arabic, and Gujarat (west coast of India). Hectic foreign trade boats are anchored in the harbor due to strategic location for commerce as well as ruler of his country with Ki Gede Surawijaya Syahbandarnya named Ki Ki Gede Tapa or Teak Jumajan tolerate any foreign traders. Because the foreign traders also trade other than as a preacher aims to bring the teachings of Islam, especially from Arab and Gujarat traders
In the year 1420 AD came the merchants of Baghdad troupe, led by Sheikh Mahdi Idlofi begging to settle in the township around the estuary of Teak. To facilitate trade, Ki Gede Surawijaya allow Pasambangan settled in villages where there Gunung Jati. Since then they start preaching activities invite residents and friends nearby. His way of preaching is very wise, full of wisdom in presenting and calling people to Islam. In the short time paguron Islam Gunung Jati heard up to the center of the Kingdom of Pajajaran, so that one day the arrival of Prince Walangsungsang named Queen and her sister and his wife Nyi Rarasantang Endang Geulis with the aim to study Islam.
Raden Walangsungsang and Queen Rarasantang was the son and daughter of the King who holds a Pajajaran Raden Pamanarasa King Siliwangi from his marriage to the daughter of Nyi Mas Sumbanglarang Jumajan Ki Teak, who was studying Islam in Islam Sheikh paguron Quro, Falkirk. Both are grandchildren of Muara Port Syahbandar Teak. His return to Islam paguron Gunung Jati is not approved by her father. Nyi Subanglarang died after the King Siliwangi back to Buddhism. While the sons and daughters have been educated and given instructions by his late mother in order to deepen the Islamic religion in paguron Gunung Jati during their childhood.
Since their arrival at Mount Teak besides carrying out her mother's instructions also intends to eyangnya sungkem. With the arrival of these families Pajajaran Palace, the Sheikh Idlofi harder Religions Allah in developing Islamic paguron Gunung Jati. He also likes preaching activities in addition to solitary meditation in a cave atop Mount Teak. So by santrinya dial by name "Sheikh Dzatul Kahf" means elder who inhabited the cave. Besides this title, because it shines and syiarnya Gunung Jati outside the region due to kemulyaan taqwanya to God, to the village community Pasambangan called "Sheikh Nur Teak" means the elders who illuminates and broadcast Gunung Jati. If students are going out of paguron Gunung Jati, he always mentions "Settana" means hold eratlah all that have been obtained from these paguron. So since then people call Settana Gunung Jati. In the end Gunung Jati pemakamanm be a place, especially the tomb of Sheikh Dzatul Kahf itself. Because most of the residents of West Java, the Sundanese language of Settana to Astana, which means the grave. Thus, kampong Pasambangan covering about Gunung Jati till now his name Astana Gunung Jati. Places where dimakamnya Sheikh Dzatul Kahf.

Location: Village Astana, North Cirebon district
Coordinates: 06 º 40 '256 "S, 108 º 33' 563" E
Directions: 5 miles outside town near the highway Cirebon Cirebon-Indramayu
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