Diatonic Angklung

10-01-2012 Garut Regencies 24205 viewed

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Angklung Angklung diatonic is the development of the bertangga Buhun Pentatonic tone like Angklung Beans, and Angklung Angklung Baduy Gubrag who have long found in Tatar Sunda. The creation of this diatonic angklung in spearheaded by a son and musicologists Tatar Sunda birth of Mr. Daeng Soetigna Index.php (Alm). He studied to Mr. Jaya dad Brass, that is an expert maker Angklung.
 
Angklung is a kind of musical instrument made of bamboo. Types of bamboo in pergunakannya are: Awi (bamboo) Parks, Awi Wulung, Awi Stripe, and Ropes Awi. But for larger Angklung there is also the use Awi Letter.
 
Similarly, as stated in the book Daeng Soetigna Indonesia Angklung father Helius Sjamsudin writing and Hidayat Winitasasmita are issued by the Ministry of Education and Culture Directorate of History and Traditional Values ​​Inventory and Documentation Project National History Jakarta 1986.
 
Waditra which consists pergunakannya:
 
    Angklung melodies, ringing tone that is a function Angklung sing the melody, which consists of:
 
a) The melody is not numbered, there are 11 in number, namely: 5 tone than to (the voices) Octave Large (liberated) plus 6 tone dad to Octave Minor (Diskan) (G - Gis - A - Ais - B - C - cis-d -dis-e-and f). Great melody angklung is not numbered, just in the name of the tone of absolute bed in each tube tone that is located on a vertical or horizontal tubes located essentially. It is obvious that the Pa Daeng Angklung Angklung lowest tone is the tone ladder G Octave Great dad (liberated).
 
b) Numbered melody there are 31 in number, start small until dad fis Octave with C ". (c3). Angklung Small melody is in bed numbers from the number 0 = fis was up to number 30 = c3 with a distance of 1 / 2 tone (chromatic) . With demikiarf clear on Angklung Pa Daeng, wide octave from the lowest to the highest: 3 1 / 2 octave.
 
2. Angklung Akompanyemen, consisting of:
 
a) Akompanyemen Major Minor's 12 pieces and 10 pieces of
 
- Major Akompanyemen consists of A7 - Bes7 - B7 - C7 - Cis7 - D7 - Es7 - E7 - F7 - Fis7 - G7 - As7
 
- Akompanyemen Minor consists of: Am - Besm - Bm - Cm - CISM - Dm - Em - Fm - Fism - Gm.
 
b) Ko - Akompanyemen, equal to Akompanyemen, but the small size of Akompanyemen Iebih.
 
Angklung Akompanyemen function is as an accompanist as well as guitar. Akorakor appropriate accompaniment that plays a key songs or as a function Piano left hand in the game. Between Akompanyemen and Ko - Akompanyemen co-exist as an amplifier and rhythmic that distinguishes the type of songs recite as in Keroncong, Cha-cha, Dangdut, and so forth.
 
Angklung tones which used the melody from the lowest to the highest G C'''
 
 
 
G Gis A Ais B c cis d dis e f fis
 
5 tone 6 tone
 
of the small octave of the octave
 
Not numbered
 
 
 
Daeng Soetigna when attracted by the Angklung Angklung is watching a player around who can present the song alone by playing a few pieces that hang on the Angklung Sundung dependents. Because so interested, is not buying that at tontonnya Angklung had to be made a tool to learn the songs.
 
Angklung is to meet later in the Brass maker named Jaya. They both together make a bertangga Angklung diatonic tones. Mr. Daeng Soetigna originally tried to students who are members of the Indonesian Scout Brass.
 
With this Angklung Pak Daeng started making Angklung music group that begins with the scout of the Scout is in pimpinnya in Brass. Furthermore, it is taught in Primary Schools Angklung (HI S) is a class V and class VI.
 
In addition, in Bandung has tersaksikan also play diatonic angklung is played by the People's School Students (SR, now SD) 14 in Merdeka Building in Bandung. The lead time was Mr. Oeteng Soetisna, Master SR No.. 14 which also happened to be the sister of Mr. Daeng Soetigna.
 
Actually in 1938 Angklung has been introduced in the city of Bandung, which at that time was played by two teams of Brass Scout. Show Angklung is in pentaskan on Padvinders Rally which was held by the PO P (Padvinders Organisatie Pasundan) in order Pasundan Anniversary Circle of Friends. The event was attended by leaders such Pasundan Circle: Mr. Otto Iskandardinata, Mr. Otto Subrata, Mr Atik Suwardi, Ir. Djuanda, Prof. Ghazalli and Former Minister Sanusi Hardjadinata P and K as well as others.
 
Mr. Daeng excitement that was obtained while in Bandung to introduce a Iebih Angklung on the broad, lost instantly erased grief that befall him. A few days after arriving in Brass, Mr. Jaya teacher Mr. Daeng making Angklung died.
 
Although even so, Mr. Daeng citacitanya continued, and in its development, Angklung spread to schools ranging from kindergarten to university in Bandung and eventually spread and expanded to foreign nationals.
 
Mr. Daeng Soetigna success in realizing the expectations implicit in pitutur five M, namely: Easy, Cheap, Attract, Educate and Bulk And
 
on August 23, 1963, the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia Angklung set as one of music education in schools (Decree No.. 082 I 1968 dated August 23, 1963).
 
Diatonic angklung performances originally only as a companion song, but in its development into a separate performances, both shows in their own areas, willing to national or international.
 
When entering the period of Japanese occupation in 1944, the songs are in Indonesian language, plus it is with Japanese-language songs. In 1947 when the inauguration of Mayor Pasundan Nagara, the group began to introduce Soetigna Daeng Angklung Angklung pure music without singing. The song is in
 
sajikannya which is "An der Donau Blauer Shonen", and the next day the song iangsung be broadcast on Radio Studio Nirom.
 
For the first time diatonic angklung is performed in bulk on the PON-6 in Field Siliwangi in Bandung that by 1000 people playing angklung players, then continue on the International Sports Week as the Asian Games and Ganefo with 300 people showing Angklung player.
 
Since at that time a city of Bandung Conference. then at night tsaat arts, group Angklung Daeng Soetigna never missed the game to display Angklungnya. Meanwhile Repertoire coming from foreign countries increase. Diatonic angklung performances that have evolved with the addition of learning to play Angklung event among the spectators.,
 
Once completed petunjukkan, the players share Angklung iangsung Angklungnya to the audience. While Mr. Daeng itself gives a clue how to play angklung together by looking at Scores that have been plastered on the front of the audience. After being trained in a relatively short period of time, guests are able to steady one or two songs. Shows a sudden is getting enliven the atmosphere and adds to the image of hospitality attitude in the face of the world Indonesia Nations.
 
Since these developments, Mr. Daeng do not forget to form the cadres and since 1950 there's been an assistant who is a student himself, Mr. and Mr. Yaya Erawan Udjo that in one after another and then by some young man who is his successor as Moh. Hidayat Winitasasmita, Agam Ngadimin, Sanu 'l Edia, Opan Sopandi, Erwin Anwar, Obby A. Wiramihardja and the most diligent among muridmurid Mr. Daeng is Permadi and Handiman. And do not forget to also as a maker of Angklung as successor to Mr. Addis and Mr. Satiamihardja
 
From a series of successors, Mr. Udjo is one of the oldest and has proved himself by managing the "Saung Angklung Udjo Ngalagena".
 
Angklung art has long been a mainstay of West Java Cultural Tourism Destination and had prepared well in his young successor flagship.
 
Angklung diatonic successor of the youngest of Obby A. Wiramihardja which often appear to lead up to the International Angklung music and is still actively train and even in 2000 is never held a diatonic angklung inservice work with Yapari Bandung. Also leading the Angklung Music Society Institute (MMA) that is expected to be a vehicle for the preservation and development of Art Angklung diatonic.
 
Before the MMA was established and its predecessor organizations have been established Coordinating Board Angklung Music of West Java (BKMAJB) led by Drs. Dana is Faithful and has been instrumental in the effort to stretch the common thread for the continuation of diatonic angklung music of all time.
 
It turns out that diatonic angklung music game developed rapidly so often invited to play, but in Brass and Cirebon but show up to the Main Page. One of the top games Angklung Daeng was when the show after Linggarjati Agreement in November 1946. All conference participants were impressed with the event. Angklung show it has helped thaw spasana rigid and strained after the completion of negotiations Linggarjati.
 
Then after that party Angklung Daeng was invited to play at the State Palace in Jakarta and picked up by St. Sjahrir. As a gift, St. Sjahrir provide a String Bass as a substitute for a long time because of damage. Even when President Soekarno and his entourage visited the Brass and see Brass junior classes, he had thanked the troupe Angklung Daeng has several events enliven the state.
 
Coinciding with the start Daeng Soetigna retired as a civil servant, in 1964 Angklung diatonic chance to be introduced to several countries by organizing shows in Manila, Hong Kong, Tokyo, Honolulu, San Francisco, New York, Paris, Holland, Cairo, Karachi and Bombay.
 
In 1967, the opportunity angklung performed in the cities of Kuala Lumpur, Johor Baru, Malacca, Alor Star, lpoh, Kiantan, Kuala Trenggano, New Town and Port Dicksons.
 
In the framework of the introduction of diatonic angklung in their own country, in 1968 Pa Daeng never held a Lecture Demonstration Angklung envoy to Foreign Representatives in Baliroom Hotel Indonesia, Jakarta. In Peragaannya dipertanjukkan by an entourage guriang with Conductor Sanui Edia. S.
 
In 1973, at the request of the Government of Malaysia, for the second time held a charity performances in the interest of National Heroes Welfare Trust Fund, in order to raise funds for victims of Communist terror.
 
Now on every Embassy and Consulate Affairs, will we find a set of Angklung diatonic. But it is unclear how far the intensity of utilization of the Angklung.
 
Of the students Pa Daeng, the longest teaching Angklung in mancanagara, is Opan Sopandi. At the Consulate R.I. in Hong Kong from 1973 until 1991. then at the Embassy in Beijingdari 1991 to 1997. The other students who had been sent specially by the Foreign Minister Mochtar Kusumaatmadja is Udjo Ngalagena, to introduce Angklung in the State of Papua New Guinea. Furthermore Erwin Anwar in the Netherlands, sent by the Governor of West Java, Aang Kunaefi.
 
In Bandung itself has dipagelarkan mass Angklung, 1000 players on the anniversary of the Asian-African Conference in 1980 and 1985. Certainly a lot of foreign state guests who witnessed it.
 
It is expected that there are positive effects that need to be connected with other efforts in order to globalkan Sundanese Cultural Arts, which will certainly have positive impact on various aspects.
 
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