09-08-2011 Bekasi Regencies 83105 viewed


One type of traditional music of West Java who have a strong influence of European music is Tanjidor. This music is alive and thriving in the area of ​​Bekasi and Karawang. Given Bekasi and Karawang areas adjacent to the Batavia, the Betawi culture is very strong in social and cultural life of society Bekasi and Karawang areas, including art (tanjidor).
Tanjidor a musical ensemble whose name was born during the colonial Dutch East Indies. The word "tanjidor" comes from the word in Portuguese, tangedor, meaning "stringed musical instruments (stringed instruments)". But in reality, the name Tanjidor no longer compatible with the original terms of the Portuguese. But that is still the same is the system scales from tangedor, namely diatonik system.
Musical instruments are played by art Tanjidor: clarinet (inflatable), piston (brass), trombone (brass), tenor saxophone (brass), bass saxophone (wind instrument), drums (membranofon), cymbals (percussion), and side drums (drum). The dominant types of musical instruments in art Tanjidor are wind instruments. The players consist of 7 to 10 people. They use equipment such European music, to play a song repertoire diatonik and songs that barreled pelog even slendro. Of course there was a treat that was forced, because of two opposite kinds of scales are typically imposed on the equipment containing the technical ability diatonik tones. Because the material thundering percussion, and the state of the tools themselves are not perfect anymore diatonik barrel of pure play, the adaptation of hearing over time as well accept it. Tanjidor music equipment found nothing new, the former Dutch relic, now mostly everything is bertambalan solder and yellow, because the oxidation process.
Pointed out this kind of music emerged in the 18th century, which was then played to accompany the event or parading the bride. Music tanjidor
often appear too great to welcome guests. In ancient times when the season working in the fields, the artists hung Tanjidor musical instruments at his home. After harvest is completed, then they struggled back with the tools Tanjidor, then ngamen from house to house, from restaurant to restaurant in the city of Jakarta, Cirebon, and other areas. This Tanjidor familiar with the celebration of China, Cap Go Meh, in Cirebon, there is a mosque complex in the entrance and the tomb of Sunan Gunung Jati: celebrating the Islamic holiday, or a charity of the earth that day became a tradition of farming communities in the Cirebon. Among the famous songs are the Corner Shop.
Among the other songs are often sung by Tanjidor, among others Kramton, Bananas, Sweet Cente, Keramat Karam (Kramat Kareem), Merpati Putih, Surilang, etc.. Sacred Songs Karam was born because of the explosion of Mount Krakatoa event which claimed many victims. The songs were played on the basis of the wishes of the city of Batavia is in the 1920's very popular and is considered 'new song' at the time. The song Kramton and Bananas is a Dutch song rhythmic mars.
Ernst Heinz, a Dutch expert who conducted the study Musicology folk music on the outskirts of Jakarta in 1973, argues that folk music was coming from the suburbs bondsman who was assigned to play music for her employer. At first the music players made up of slaves and soldiers. After slavery was abolished, they were replaced by paid musicians. But it is clear that the Indonesian musicians who come from different regions, given the European musical instruments and ordered to serve a variety of music at various events. Musical instrument that is used mostly wind instruments, like clarinets, French horns, comets and Turkish drums.
At first they play songs of Europe because they have to accompany the dance, polka, march, lancier and parade songs. Gradually they began to play songs and rhythms typical of Betawi. The instrument vigorously can be used down through the generations. After the players are no longer part of Western people in the household, born crowds of amateurs who still call themselves "Tanjidor".

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